Once fighters and gladiators in the pit, these dogs have evolved into sweet and calm companions. The Bulldog, also known as the English Bulldog or British Bulldog, is a medium-sized dog breed.It is a muscular, hefty dog with a wrinkled face and a distinctive pushed-in nose. They may be petite, but they are toy lap dogs. Bedlingtons are terrier dogs disguised in a sheep’s coat. The beginnings of the Border Collie can be traced back to the Roman Empire. There’s never a dull moment with the Lancashire Heeler. English cocker spaniels are compact hunting dogs whose cheerful temperament makes for a great family pet—for both kids and seniors alike. texture. Before being outlawed, rat pitting was a common use for the English Toy Terrier. Jack Russells, Parson Russells and Russell Terriers are near identical, except for the size variations. Totally excellent - thorough - interesting and very well done. Plus, the OES can also be very playful, often taking up to three years to fully mature. Everything from the shock-absorbing feet pads to the aerodynamic frame and skull, these dogs are ideal for high-speed chases. English Pointers. They range anywhere from toy dogs to various working breeds. When the empire fell, vikings took their shot at invading Britain. These dogs were bred in the mid 1800s and shortly after, became Britain’s most popular retrieving dog due to their top skills. Marcy Goodfleisch from Planet Earth on May 07, 2013: I love your expertise on animals! Colour wise; mastiffs are most commonly seen in fawn with black masking, but they can be apricot or brindle too, like Hooch pictured. And while the first domesticated dog is believed to have been in 10,000 BC (somewhere in China), England is not far behind. It is a gundog and still used in gundog trials and by some gamekeepers, however the rise of the labrador retriever meant that the breed decreased in popularity as a gundog in the 20th century.The tight curly coat is waterproof and shakes dry quite satisfactorily - it was purposely developed for retrieving game from water. English Mastiffs were on the Mayflower that sailed to New England in 1620. But their high energy levels, frequent exercise needs, and pack instincts make them tricky fits for an individual owner or family. Often equipped with an incredible nose, hounds will find and track game, thus saving the hunter many hours of locating game. One theory suggests they were smuggled from France into England during the French Revolution. They may be small dogs, but they’re fearless and brave – as seen with most spaniel breeds. That is, they slept with their owners so fleas would bite them instead, thus saving the owners from diseases and plagues. There are over 30 breeds that originate in England: hunting dogs, companion dogs, guard dogs, sheepdogs you name it, they have it. These English dogs tend to sport either a black or liver colored coat. So, the following dogs’ job was born. For the most part, the OES is an easy-going and laid-back dog. However, these dogs aren’t all about work and hunting. The curly coated retriever is believed to have originated in England around 200 years ago. They love to play with their owners and won’t mind taking multiple walks a day. Beagles are not too friendly, but not too aloof. But, did you know England is also home to some of the world’s most popular English dog breeds as well? TheSmartCanine.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. The foxhound is listed as possibly the most vulnerable native English breed with no puppies registered with the kennel club last year. The Flat-Coated loves to play with others. However, they do require plenty of mental stimulation and exercise daily. They’re also people pleasing, but not overly eager. Hound dogs serve a very important role for hunters. The English Shepherd is often an independent worker. These spaniel dogs were first developed many centuries ago when flushing and tracking game birds in the uplands was needed. In fact, Yorkies often forget that they’re one of the smallest dog breeds ever. There are now a number of packs of bloodhounds in the UK kept for hunting. But when the sport was banned in 1835, the breed was repurposed as a family dog. Sanse on Wikimedia GNU Free Documentation License. Now I know they're not an English breed. These dogs originated from northern England, in a region called Aire Valley. The Bullmastiff is a smaller version of the English Mastiff, though they can still weigh up to 130 lbs and stand 27 inches tall. They have always been very much working dogs for hunting foxes, with few kept as pets despite their friendly temperaments. The Border Collie’s work ethic makes them the most trainable dogs in the world. Parson Russell Terrier (Jack Russell), eager gun dogs that helped flush out birds, Developed in the past for the aristocrats, take down rodents, but also help with hunting, kill vermin and participate in pit fights, crossing with the tenacious Scottish Terriers, devoted their lives to breeding these toy dogs. The easiest way to distinguish between the two is that Norwich terriers have pricked ears (like the steeple of Norwich cathedral) and Norfolk terriers have semi erect ears which are distinctly floppy looking. The English Shepherd is a fairly rare breed of medium-sized herding dog. These dogs aren’t new, as they’ve been pointing for centuries. However, they can be playful too! In fact, they’re super smart dogs that respond well to obedience. The 19th century was a time when a significant number of breeds were developed in the gundog world.  =  They’re very affectionate dogs who tend to get along well with all members of the family. It is now classed as a vulnerable native breed by the British Kennel Club.. A very popular breed, the cocker spaniel was developed as a gundog for flushing woodcock in particular. They’re highly capable hunting dogs and they know it too. Breed categories. Bloodhounds have the best noses in the canine kingdom. These dogs were first bred in an English mining shire, called the Northumberland mining shire. And because they are pack dogs, they tend to play well with other dogs and even cats in the family. When you examine the Greyhound, you can tell they were built for speed. In fact, historians believe that there may be some Russian or Scotch in these dogs. There are now two strains with the working cocker and the show cocker having diverged somewhat. It’s believed that these viking dogs were the original ancestors of the Border Collie. The OES was first developed in 1904. Highlights: Fearless, Capable, Boisterous. And through many iterations, the Golden was born. Plus, the Border is small enough to hunt fox and quick enough to run with horses. This was when the Airedale Terrier was developed. Though hard workers with a strong work ethic, Flat Coats know how to slow down and enjoy their time with the humans. One of the breeds he used was the Tweed water-spaniel popular in Northumberland and on the opposite side of the Tweed in Scotland. And while the coat may look a bit odd, it’s meant to protect them in bad weather conditions and in freezing-cold lakes. Not only were they quick enough to chase them on land, but tenacious enough to hunt them in the burrows of these clever and agile animals. English Cocker Spaniel; English Foxhound; English Mastiff; English Setter; English Springer Spaniel; English Toy Terrier (Black & Tan) English Water Spaniel; English White Terrier Parson Russells are intelligent dogs, but not in the obedient and blindly-following-orders kind of way. They were bred for a bloodsport, called “bull-bating” – much like the Pitbulls. The bloodhound has been bred in England since before 1300 which gives it a fairly strong claim to being an English breed. They may have a bad rep, but no one can deny their affection. However their appeal as companions began to override everything else and breeders started to select for companionship qualities and cuteness. They earned the reputation as reliable hunting companions that could help with flushing, retrieving and pointing. Hounds were bred for hunting and killing specific prey whether that was rabbits, foxes deer or wolves. English Hounds are elegant, athletic and muscular dogs with powerful built and strong bones. However he bred them at his Scottish home the Guisachan Estate, so they are really Scottish in origin. }. We call this the “heeler smile.”. For the most part, Beagles are easy-going and laid back dogs. A nickname for the OES is the “bobtail,” despite having a tail. The Bloodhound can still follow a 300-hour scent trail, that is, with the source leaving the area 12 days ago. The Cocker Spaniel specialized in hunting woodcocks, which is how they got their names. However, England cannot take all the credit for these dogs. They were often accompanied by small and agile spitz-type dogs that could herd and work. Let us know in the comments section below! In addition, they’re not the best dogs for a novice trainer. Hounds, including Sight hounds and Scent hounds. The high energy excitement is contagious and their eagerness to work and please is endearing. But unlike other terriers, these English dogs are more sociable and less independent. The long profuse double coat with shaggy fur over the head is the signature look with the OES. Prospective owners should bear their stamina and terrier nature in mind though. Other toy breeds I could have featured are the Yorkshire terrier, Cavalier king Charles spaniel and King Charles spaniel. The wiry coat of the Border Terrier protects them from all the hazardous elements in the woods, such as shrubs or branches. Various breeds will have contributed to its development such as poodles and perhaps the Tweed water spaniel - an extinct breed. Highlights: Cheerful, Inquisitive, Affectionate. The Lancashire heeler is a pastoral breed which was almost lost until efforts in the 1980s were made to boost the numbers of the breed by people such as Jean Lanning, a breeder and international dog judge. However it is far more congenial a companion than the fighting dog it descended from and they are a charismatic breed. Not only are they great cattle herders, but also top ratters and rabbit hunters. Bush had a Springer Spaniel named Millie. They also have stamina. They are full of energy, hard working and affectionate dogs. They’re famously known for being an even-tempered dog. They are fearsome hunters. Lancashires are also wicked smart. Golden Retrievers were developed by crossbreeding a yellow retriever with the Tweed Water Spaniel, Irish Setter and Bloodhound. That said, let’s examine 28 popular and unique dog breeds from England. :). Due to the popularity of hunting amongst the English gentry, quite a lot of gundog breeds have been developed here. Despite being curly-coated, these English dogs have straight hair on their faces. As given by the name, the Yorkshire Terrier was developed in Yorkshire county during the mid 1800s. The crazy energy and mischief can also get them into trouble, especially if they’re not properly exercised. The result is a bold and lively toy terrier that’s both cunning and intelligent. Early paintings of Pointers can be found on 3,000 year old Egyptian tombs. It won't be an exhaustive list, but will contain well-known and less-well-known examples of English breeds. The Lancashire was classified as an endangered breed in 2003 because of the decreasing number of dogs and small gene pool. However, the Parson Russell is. Border Terriers are versatile hunters. In addition, they love to work and will often work for the sake of working. This well-balanced medium-size dog is built for speed and agility, and his supreme intelligence makes him relatively easy to train. Border Terriers are used in the hunting of rabbits, foxes, groundhogs, raccoons, possums, and other animals, Highlights: Devoted, Charming, Fun-loving. Confident with a sense of purpose, the English Shepherd is a true all-purpose working breed. American Pit Bull Terrier. Springer Spaniels are named after their hunting technique, in which they would “spring” towards the game. The English Mastiff is a classic mastiff-type dog breed. Some of the pastoral breeds, like the border collie, were developed for herding livestock such as sheep and cattle. American Eskimo Dog. When the blood sport was banned, they were repurposed. This site is owned and operated by Jenco Digital LLC. But just because Yorkies are small doesn’t mean they’re great lap dogs. The English Bulldog is one of the most famous English dog breeds, and for good reason. Voted up and Awesome, Nettlemere. Their coats are also water-resistant, giving them the ability to work in rain or mist – which the borderlands often had. While the Cavalier King Charles is technically a spaniel breed, they are not meant to flush and hunt game like their larger spaniel cousins. Combine this with their sheer strength and size, and few intruders would want to mess with this Mastiff. Interesting. They have a long pointy head and a long pointy tail. If you’ve ever seen a Border Collie in action, you’d probably notice the extreme focus and determination when they are on the field. The Otterhounds have webbed feet, giving them an extra boost when swimming in water. For instance, they’re good athletes, beautiful show dogs, top-tier workers, but also the perfect companion dog. May 15, 2013 - English Shepherd / Farm Collie Dog. Cat Friendly: 3 stars. Awesome. It’s why they have pack-dog mentality and often do well with other dogs in the home. These tend to be less active but with a strong guarding instinct. However, these dogs had later evolved into the breed we know today. As such, it’s believed that they were crossbred with Italian Greyhounds to achieve the petiteness. Dog breeds are often grouped in different ways, such as: Hunting dogs. These type of gun dog breeds can also flush out game and point (or track) game. With family, though, they’re calm and loving. English Bulldog Facts. There’s also a hint of the Otterhound too. One of the most popular breeds according to the AKC, the English Bulldog is friendly, calm and courageous. American Bulldog. Great job. And given how popular hunting was in England, hounds were crucial dogs to society. aviannovice - I'm pleased you like it, I suspect some of the breeds aren't available in America, so you probably don't see them. Gun dogs are much like retrievers. See 11 authoritative translations of Breed in Spanish with example sentences, conjugations and audio pronunciations. It’s actually a bit surprisingly considering their gentle nature. But for the most part, they are loving and gentle dogs. Hunters carried these dogs in their pockets before unleashing them to flush out game. They were bred with stamina for fox hunting. They are renowned for their stamina and intelligence others such as the Pyrenean mountain dog were bred to live with the flock and guard them from predators. They’re a classic breed that strikes the perfect balance in a family companion. Plus, they can be stubborn too. Not only do they thrive in an open yard but can also do well in an apartment (with proper exercise). Richard has been raising dogs his whole life, including a Poodle, Pomeranian, Corgi and Australian Shepherd. I really enjoyed this hub and I am saving all my favourite animal hubs and this is most certainly one. They were first bred in southern England, but have become a wildly popular breed around the world. Barking Tendencies: 3 stars. With their impressive swimming instincts, they’re one of the best water retrievers that England has to offer. The medium-size dog can adapt to apartment life and the great outdoors. Bulldogs were originally bred for fight bulls in a pit. They’re agile yet tenacious, making them perfect watchdogs for livestock. The OES is technically an English dog. They can be somewhat playful and affectionate and don't require much grooming. American Staffordshire Terrier. Staffordshire Bull Terriers are often called “Staffy” for short. The Golden Retriever may be the second most popular dog breed in America, however, they actually originated from England. Other breeds I could have featured are the beagle, otterhound and whippet. I have a Beagle myself. In the end, they had a brave and capable working dog. It’s believed they have 200 to 300 million scent receptors. They may be petite dogs, only weighing 14 pounds, but they’re hard workers that’s earned a reputation as a sturdy, reliable and resilient terrier breed. For this reason, the smaller and more convenient Whippet was born. As retriever dogs, they’re known for their soft mouths. As a result are known for their ability to retrieve from water as well as on land. I didn´t even realize how things were going for the Foxhound. You earned HOTD. Sadly this also means that it is the breed most commonly found in dog rehoming centres around the country. Other breeds from this group which I could have included are the clumber spaniel, Sussex spaniel, field spaniel, springer spaniel and English setter.